What to do after ‘A’ levels?

‘A’ levels results release day is today.

I am sure all parents will be very excited about this day. While our school does not have any graduating ‘A’ level students this year, we are excited for the current ‘A’ level batch. Some of them were my students whom I taught when I still worked for the Ministry of Education. I was a former ‘A’ level student and an educator who has seen many of my students go to university. I thought I would put in my two cents about the choices after ‘A’ levels.

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Selecting A Secondary School

Unlike my time, students nowadays have two clear advantages – they know their PSLE grades and secondary schools also publish their historical cut-off mark. At least students know if they have a chance of getting accepted.

I remember when I had to choose my secondary school more than 20 years ago. I did not know the cut-off point of the schools I selected before I submitted the form. In fact, I believe I did not even know my score. In addition, my school teachers were also not very helpful in guiding me. All I remember was that since I studied in a primary school that was affiliated with a secondary school, I put it as the first choice. I had absolutely no idea if I was able to get in. I breathed a sigh of relief when I was successful.

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PISA tells only half the story

First of all, congratulations to Singapore for doing well in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests which is run by the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) every three years. In the 2012 test, Singapore ranked very near the top. We ranked second place in mathematics, and third in both reading and science.

This results do show that the Singapore education system has been largely successful. PISA results also tally with other international educational tests. To me, this shows that most Singapore students have strong fundamentals in reading (English), mathematics and science.

However, some people are critical of PISA. For example, the top performing education system in PISA is Shanghai, China. Shanghai is course not reflective of the entire Chinese education system. Shanghai’s wealth is generally twice of other cities in China, and the Shanghai parents do participate heavily in the private education sector. On the other hand, United States did badly in PISA. However, individual American states like Massachusetts was only outperformed by only three education systems, and Connecticut by four. It might really not be fair to compare cities like Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore to entire countries like the United States. Despite these criticism, I am not putting down PISA. As a comparative study, I think it is lacking. It does have its merits in measuring competency in reading, mathematics and science.

What I think PISA has not been able to measure is the real life skills necessary for success in the future. It is merely a test of reading, subject mastery (in two subjects only) and simple inferences. They are not able to measure more complex skills like problem solving, creative thinking and collaborative skills. Even the Singapore Ministry of Education agrees. MOE’s Deputy Director-General for Education Loh Khah Gek said, “But there are still limitations to such tests, in that there may be specific skills and competencies that cannot be tested in this way — skills like cross cultural understanding, the ability to connect with people, the ability to collaborate with others.” She later emphasised that these are the skills that really matter.

So, while Singapore students have a firm foundation to work on, they still need to learn and strengthen these skills. It is indeed something schools and parents need to think about when they are deciding on the direction of their children’s education.

How to choose an English language school

Wait! Don’t go away yet. I know what you are all thinking. An enrichment centre trying to give tips on how to choose one. Wouldn’t this post be totally biased? Don’t worry, I am going to be objective here. I am going to offer a series of questions you need to ask yourself when choosing a centre. This is an unbiased view as a parent myself.


The quality of teachers is also an important criteria. Do the teachers have the required qualifications? It would be great if they possess degrees beyond the minimum required. Ask the teachers to show you their certificates. Also, does the teacher interact well with their students? Always choose a passionate and caring teacher.

Quality of Programme / Materials

You might want to ask the centre about their teaching methodology. Is the programme systematic and follow tested pedagogy? Do they have proper lesson plans? Are their materials all commonly found in assessment books in Popular bookstore? Needless to say, centres that show they know what they are doing, and have their own materials are preferred.

Learning Environment

Take a look at the learning environment. Is the entire centre very cramped. Are there other facilities available like a study area? Or are computers available to the students? Even how well the owners maintain the centre shows how much pride they have in the school and how much effort they will put in to ensure that students learn.

Track Record

A good track record might be an important consideration. Certainly, no centre will tell you that their students keep failing. But take care to look at the track record closely. Does the school select students? Some schools only allow the best students to join. Of course these centres produce great results. Also, look out for centres with huge student intakes but few students who do well. It might mean that their star students are only a few.


In a country that is very expensive, cost is certainly a factor. Of course, the general advice is to enrol in a centre that you can afford. But take note that while some centres charge very cheaply for their lessons, they tend to have many students in one class. Also, are they not confident that their programme works and need to charge low fees to attract students? Therefore, it is probably the best to go for a centre that has the best value for the fees it is charging.


Location is an important criteria as well. Is the centre near your home? Is it easily accessible by public transport? However, do consider other criteria as well. A great centre that is not too far away might be worth the trip rather than a lousy centre that is just a stone’s throw away.

Review Process

Other than the progress report from school, how do parents know that their children are improving? It is important for centres to give some sort of feedback to the parents. Can parents view the materials, worksheets and assignments given to the children? Any additional reports giving more feedback to children would be great.

Teacher/Student Ratio

What is the teacher/student ration? There are some centres that squeeze 18 or even more children in a classroom. In this situation, you might as well just rely on MOE schools only. After all, their teacher/student ratio is not too far off.


Does the timing of the class if your child’s schedule? If it does, then great. If it does not, I will still look at other more important criteria like quality of teachers and programme. If the school is really good, I will reschedule to fit the school’s lesson timings.

Terms and Conditions

We all know that schedules change. People fall sick and schools plan events that coincide with lessons. How flexible is the school in changing classes? Do they need a Medical Certificate before changing? Will they be willing to pro-rate the course fees? You might want to take this into account.


Before I end this post, I would like to share a personal story of mine. I was looking for a martial arts school for my son. We found one. They had highly qualified teachers and they seem to have a great programme. However, I did not like the cost of the programme. It was structured in such a way I would not get value for my money. The criteria that killed the deal was the terms and conditions. It was so restrictive that I felt all the school wanted to do was to take all my money upfront and make it impossible to get the money back if I needed to withdraw my son for any reason.

Certainly there is a lot of consideration when looking at which centre to enrol. Choose the one that ticks most of your boxes and do look out for the terms and conditions if you ever need to switch a school.

National Day Rally 2013

It has been nearly a month since the National Day Rally 2013. I am sure that everybody has heard and read about Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong’s announcements. In addition, the Ministry of Education has followed up by giving some additional information regarding these announcements.

Let’s do a quick summary of the main changes and what do we think of these changes in RG Channel Future School.

Extended Edusave Accounts

From 2014 onwards, all children of ages 7-16 of Singapore citizens between the ages will receive Edusave contributions. This includes students who are in Madrasahs, privately funded schools, home-schooled or residing overseas.

This is definitely good news for children who are not studying in mainstream schools. While there are still some questions, like what educational opportunities are MOE going to allow to be funded, this is definitely a step in the right direction.

Broader admissions under the Direct School Admissions (DSA)

The number of students that can be admitted under the Direct School Admissions (DSA) scheme will broaden. The original aim of the scheme was to allow students with special talents in sports, arts or technology to be admitted in secondary schools. Students with leadership skills or show good character could also be admitted.

The good thing about this scheme is that it allows students who might not be academically excellent but have a special talent, to enter good secondary schools. Extending this scheme seems to make sense in stressing that success in education is not just based on academics.

However, there are two caveats.

First, is a system problem. How does one measure character or leadership? Can we give a grade to a student’s leadership skills? How can we even compare the character between two students? The processes schools go through to select their students will have to be thought out carefully.

Secondly, a note of caution to parents who push their children to these schools. I have seen many examples of students that take part in the scheme only to discover that they struggle academically in school. A minority of these even get retained. So parents need to ensure that their child is ready to enter a school where the majority of the students have generally scored higher PSLE scores.

Removal of the T-score in PSLE

In the future, PSLE students would not know their PSLE T-score. They would only know the banding of their subjects, just like the O and A levels.

While some teachers and parents interviewed by the media praised this measure as reducing stress, I do not think it is effective in reducing stress to the general school population. While it is true that with this change, students need not to be so obsessed in chasing the one mark which could make a difference in their T-score, it does not change the fundamental reasons why there is stress. The real reason of stress is competition to enter brand name secondary schools. As long as this competition is not removed, there will be stress.

Reserved places for P1 Admission

Another change is that every primary school in Singapore will now be required to set aside at least 40 places, or between 10 and 15 per cent of their enrolment, for children with no prior connection to the school. Subsequently, MOE announced that the places will go to Phases 2B and 2C.

These changes don’t seem to have any impact in many schools. Of course that being said, many schools don’t have lots of parents trying to get in. Some of the more popular schools will be affected as there will probably be less spaces in the earlier phases. However, these students who did not get in the earlier phases might join in in 2B and 2C instead. Therefore, while there is a higher possibility that children with no connection with the school might be able to enter, it is not a guarantee.

In conclusion, the government has tweaked certain policies to make it seem somewhat fairer, like the reserved spaces for P1 Admission. However, alumni still get priority. Some changes are great and the government should be given credit for them. The Extended Edusave accounts and the increased number of DSA places are great schemes. So is the removal of T-score in PSLE. It does not remove stress completely, but it does reduce it. Removing stress completely is silly and unrealistic, if you ask me.

The government has made good steps in its education policies. The government can do more and we will address this issue in our future blog post.

Online Educational Resources

You will agree that the digital world is rapidly becoming important in the lives of our children. The Internet is also full of educational resource for parents. You can explore the following websites to look for resources for your children.

YouTube Education

Find it at: http://www.youtube.com/education/

There are thousands of videos from all over the world, teaching different subjects and topics. The videos there are actually of high quality and you can at one look decide which video is good based on the number of likes versus the number of dislikes.

Apple iTunes University

Find it at: http://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/

The only unfortunate news about this excellent resource is that it is only available for apple customers. Students can play video or audio lectures and take notes that are synchronized with the lecture. They can read books and view presentations. See a list of all the assignments for the course and check them off as they’re completed. It also integrates with iBooks for a great user experience.


Find it at: http://www.twitter.com/

You must be shocked to see twitter in this list. Isn’t Twitter a place where youths just shoot off their thoughts? There is a huge sharing community of teachers, educators and students on Twitter, sharing resources, strategies and tips. How do you get access to this? We are going to provide some hashtags to aid your search – #engchat, #books, #grammar, #litchat, #teachingenglish, #amwriting, #writing, and #writetip.

Enjoy yourselves and if you do find more resources, do share with each other.